Agricultural Tips  


Human-bear conflict is not exclusively an urban issue.  Agricultural operations frequently experience wildlife related conflicts. Often, livestock grazing and grain production occur in prime habitat for bears and other large carnivores. 

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Attractants to farms may include, but are not limited to grains, livestock-feed, smaller livestock as prey and neo-natal/calving areas, bees, and chickens.  As agricultural land is generally bordered by forested areas or green-space, these become natural wildlife corridors bringing bears into contact with human settlement and non-natural food sources.

Proper farm planning and land use can help to mitigate these potential conflicts and preserve natural wildlife behaviour.  The following tips should be considered with any agricultural practice, large or small.

 

  • Electric fencing is advised to protect small, young, or injured animals, as well as bee-keeping and chicken coops. Keep smaller livestock and vulnerable animals closest to the human use core.
  • Promote a rural neighbourhood wildlife watch and communicate bear/wildlife activity in your area. Always call the Conservation Officer Service at 1-877-952-7277 to report human-wildlife conflict.
  • Ensure grain, bird feed, and livestock feed is secured in a bear-resistant structure at all times, such as a locked barn or old enclosed walk-in freezer.
  • Create a central area for calving and neo-natal care well away from green spaces or forested areas – consider having this located close to dwellings or other areas of active human use.  

Disposal of animal carcasses should follow Ministry of Agriculture regulations to reduce attraction by predators. Carcasses should be burned completely, or buried and covered with lime at least 1.2m – 1.5 m (4-5 ft) below ground level. Burning or burying carcasses should occur on your property, well away from residences, granaries, outbuildings and feedlots. Immediately report any incident where you suspect a bear has killed your livestock.